What Is Triluminos?
To get started, let’s first take a look at exactly what Sony’s Triluminos technology actually is.
In a sentence, Triluminos allows Sony Tvs to produce a color gamut fifty percent wider than your standard LCD TVs. At the same time, the colors it renders are more accurate, by producing a vivid, more saturated image. But what does Triluminos actually mean? Well, Triluminos is actually just the name that Sony has given to their Quantum dot technology. Of course, said tech does not entirely replace LCDs, but it builds upon and improves the existing tech to circumnavigate the majority of an LCD’s limitations.
Essentially, the quantum dot technology (AKA Triluminos) is a series of light-emitting nanoparticles that produce extremely specific shades of light, or hues, when they are activated through electronic or other means. These nanoparticles are two to ten nanometres in size, so it can be a little mind-boggling when you get down to the nitty-gritty of it.
Sony TVs quantum dots (AKA Triluminos technology) are activated via the use of a special backlight inside the TV. In a standard TV, the backlight would normally emit white light. In Sony’s Triluminos TV, the backlight instead produces a monochromatic blue light. There are a couple of reasons for their choice to do this. The first is that it can be fairly difficult in order to accurately produce a ‘pure’ white light, leading to the LED technology we’ve seen in the past having difficulties when it comes to color accuracy, which in turn will lead to more impurities. The monochromatic blue light is of course on the blue light spectrum and at a high intensity. The Triluminos technology takes this intense blue light and mixes it with green and red light sources in order to create a purer white light.
Triluminos and Quantum Dots
Still, following? Great. This is where things get a little more technical.
Between this monochromatic blue LED backlight and the other essentials (liquid crystal, polarization, and color filter arrays) is a film that contains the quantum dot nanocrystals. These quantum dot nanocrystals emit color when activated by an external light source and the colors they emit can be altered by varying their size. For instance, in a Sony Triluminos TV, the nanocrystals within the film will be one of two sizes: the larger ones are fifty atoms and will glow red when activated. The smaller ones are thirty atmos and will glow green when activated. The most important part to note is that these will be ‘pure’ colors.
With the Sony Triluminos TVs, the monochromatic high-intensity blue backlight activates these crystals of varying sizes to produce both the pure red and the pure green lights. The combination of the three pure lights in turn produces a pure white light. With a standard LCD television, you will find that this is never going to be entirely possible because of the limitations of the LCD panel technology, as it will struggle to produce that perfect color accuracy. In summary, the high-end Sony Triluminos TVs are able to produce a far wider color gamut and have much more accurate saturation and vividness. The end result is a far superior picture quality, which is only improved upon even further when paired with Sony’s X-Reality Engine.
Sounds incredible, right? Well, because of the fact the Triluminos quantum dot technology is built off of the LCD technology rather than being a stand-alone tech, it still has some of the shortcomings of the LCD, such as slower response times, and even viewing angles if you don’t set it up quite right.
In order to keep things as simple as possible, let’s first take a look at the differences between Triluminos (Sony OLED) and (Samsung) QLED in a simple chart. Here you will be able to see all the positives and drawbacks of each of the models and make a more informed decision as to which one makes be a better fit for you.
|Blacks||Perfect||Depends on Local Dimming|
|Contrast||Infinite||Depends on Local Dimming|
|Viewing angle||Very wide||Narrow|
|Pixel Response Time||<1ms||3-6ms|
|Brightness||300-600 Nits||500-900 Nits|
|Peak Brightness||up to 1000 Nits||up to 2000 Nits|
|Uniformity||Excellent||Depends on backlight|
|Burn In||Possible with static content||No|
|Thickness||Extremely thin||Depends on backlight|
|Best for||Most people, especially in dark rooms||Bright rooms|
The main thing to understand here is that both the Sony Triluminos technology and QLED use quantum dot technology. Triluminos is simply Sony’s way of marketing it as a brand. Once we understand this, we can then begin to look at the other differences that may make one or the other the better choice, which is where the table above will come in handy.
Generally, QLED TVs are going to be the better option for a lot of people, but as with everything these days, we are spoilt for choice, so you’re likely to find that one of them will suit you better than the other. We prefer QLED over anything else, simply for the brightness range and color volume. If you’re a gamer, you may find this is something that interests you too; never again will you get caught out by that person that was trying to blend in with their environment!
Both Sony (Triluminos OLED) and Samsung (QLED) have some fantastic high-end TVs on the market right now in a variety of sizes, but if budget is an issue, then you will likely find yourself gravitating toward the Samsung options.
We hope this article has hoped to clear things up a little more for you in the ever-evolving industry of abbreviations and new technologies. Which would you prefer? A Sony Triluminos, or a Samsung QLED?
Spoiler: They’re essentially the same.